Looking for an evergreen that can tolerate partial shade without developing a receding hairline like your uncle jack? But also has a well behaved compact growth habit that keeps to itself… unlike uncle Jack? The columnar Mugo (variant: Penguin Pine) is likely your best bet.

What You Need To Know:

  • Appearance: Upright, columnar form with densely packed, dark green needles. Ornamental cones and reddish-brown bark.
  • Size:
    • Height: Approximately 10-15 feet at maturity
    • Spread: 3-5 feet wide
  • Growth Rate: around 1 foot per year once established 
  • Lifespan: With good care, Mugo Pines can live for 50+ years.
  • Light Requirements: Full sun for best growth and form.
  • Soil: Adaptable, but prefers well-drained soil.
  • Water: Drought-tolerant once established but prefers regular moisture when young.
  • Hardiness Zones: USDA Zones 2-8.

Interesting Extras

  • Landscaping: Valued for ornamental purposes in European gardens for centuries.
  • Deer Resistant: Unlike many other pines, deer tend to avoid the Columnar Mugo pine, making it a good choice for areas with deer browsing concerns.
  • Essential Oils: The needles can be used to produce pine essential oil, though this is not as common as with other pine species.
  • Low Maintenance: Columnar Mugo Pines are tough and adaptable, requiring minimal care once established.
  • Textural Interest: Their dense, dark green needles and scaly bark add a unique textural element to landscapes.

Interested In Adding This Unique Tree To Your Property?

Contact Edmonton Arborist and our expert tree planting team will bring and install your very own Columnar Mugo Pine!

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Consumer choice award for Northern Alberta tree services 2022 and 2023!